Dick M. Carpenter on Occupational Licensing

Dick M. Carpenter on Occupational Licensing

Dick M. Carpenter II
Show Date
November 20, 2022
LicensingCrony CapitalismConstitutionEconomic Liberties
Institute for Justice
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Created time
Nov 8, 2022 7:06 PM
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What do landscape architects, manicurists, kick boxing trainers, and yoga instructors from California all have in common? Besides making our state healthier and more attractive, all of these professions require an occupational license.

What's wrong with that, you might wonder? Licensing might sound like an important form of consumer protection. But does licensing actually increase the safety and quality of services offered? To answer that, we need data.


Dick Carpenter, II, senior director of strategic research at the Institute for Justice, recently published a report analyzing Yelp! reviews for six occupations across several states – some with licensing requirements and others without.

Unsurprisingly to anyone who understands the nature of licensing, the license made no difference to the service quality according to Yelp’s ratings.

In some cases, licensing actually seems to correlate with inferior service. The reality is that it represents a barrier to competition promoted by industry insiders to earn more profit.

Carpenter joins me this Sunday to explain how good intent by legislators backfires when lobbyists get their way.

We will discuss the constitutionality of various licensing requirements through Randy Barnett's "presumption of liberty" framework, and review the voluntary alternatives to licensing that actually improve service quality. Barnett argues that people should be presumed to have economic rights – i.e., the ability to work without government permission – unless there is a compelling reason to regulate restrictions. However, the Supreme Court has often decided in favor of a “presumption of constitutionatity” – giving states the authority to interfere with our personal and economic liberties.

Read the IJ’s report and tune in Sunday to the show of ideas – not attitude.